Each year, over 15 million people worldwide suffer from a stroke, as reported by WHO. Stroke is the world’s second-biggest cause of death, accounting for around 5.5 million deaths yearly.
What Is A Stroke?
The brain is a complex network of nerve cells that coordinate to keep our bodies healthy and functioning. To carry out its work, the nerve cells require oxygen. This necessary oxygen is provided by the blood that flows in the blood vessels. However, when there is a contraction in the blood vessel or deposition of substances inside the wall, the size of the blood vessel decreases, due to which the blood flow decreases. Hence, oxygen cannot be provided to the nerve cells. If this continues for 5 minutes, a stroke or ‘brain attack’ occurs.
Types of Stroke
The types of strokes are Haemorrhagic strokes, Ischemic strokes, or Transient Ischemic Attacks.
Hemorrhagic Strokes: Haemorrhagic strokes happen when the blood veins in the brain burst, causing the vessels to bleed. A haemorrhage happens unexpectedly and is the most common type of stroke. Intracerebral and Subarachnoid are types of haemorrhage strokes.
Ischemic Strokes: It occurs when blood veins in the brain develop a clot, cutting off the brain’s blood supply, resulting in an Ischemic stroke. The clotting that forms in the brain’s blood vessel is called ‘thrombus’.
Transient Ischemic Attacks: Symptoms related to Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) are similar to a stroke, but they are less likely to kill people and last only a few minutes. However, a TIA is considered an alarming symptom of a stroke.
Brain Stroke Symptoms
The symptoms of brain stroke appear very unexpectedly. One should be aware of the signs to take immediate action.
- Suddenly becoming numb or unable to move any body part like legs, face, or fingers.
- Difficulty communicating and comprehending what others say
- Loss of vision
- Loss of memory, severe headache
- Difficulty in walking
- Feeling nauseous
Stroke Treatment Procedure
BLK-Max Hospital is fully equipped with experienced Doctors and advanced technology that helps identify and treat stroke. Some of the world-class technologies at BLK-Max are listed below. Read more see here https://technewsenglish.com/
- Biplane Cath Lab
- Intraoperative CT
- Neuro Navigation System
- EEG: Video, Ambulatory & Sphenoidal
- Microscopic Surgery
- ENMG (including single fibre EMG) and Intraoperative Evoked Potentials
How To Prevent A Brain Stroke
By following a strict diet and quitting bad habits, 80 percent of strokes can be prevented. With a few lifestyle changes, you can control the occurrence of stroke. Here is how to do it,
Keep Blood Pressure in check
High blood pressure doubles the risk of getting a stroke. A normal blood pressure rating ranges between 120/80. If it goes higher than this, you might have symptoms of higher blood pressure. High blood pressure makes you four times more prone to stroke because it makes the walls of the artery thick, where fats and cholesterol pile up and builds plaque. If any of these bursts, it will cut the blood supply to the brain, leading to a stroke.
Certain foods can help in keeping your blood pressure in check. These are;
- Fruits, vegetables, meat, yoghurt
- Foods rich in calcium
- Green, orange, and red foods are abundant in potassium and minerals, which help decrease blood pressure.
- Reduce the intake of salt in meals.
Staying Away From Tobacco And Alcohol
Tobacco doubles your risk of getting an attack. Nicotine present in cigarettes decreases the oxygen level that blood vessels carry to the brain, increasing the risk of having a stroke. Too much drinking can increase your triglyceride levels leading to irregular heartbeats.
Diabetes is one of the many reasons for having a stroke. Diabetes leads to the depositing of fatty acids that block the blood vessels. Blocked blood vessels limit blood supply to the brain, with the possibility of a brain stroke.
Exercising is a must. Brisk walking for 30 minutes or a yoga session helps keep your health in check along with a healthy and nutritious diet.
Consult The Doctor
If you have any brain stroke symptoms, you should visit a doctor and get regular check-ups. The possibility of getting a stroke can be avoided if precautions are taken at the right time. BLK-Max Hospital has more than 2000 specialised doctors backed up by the latest technology to combat strokes.
Q. What is the recovery time for a person who suffers from a brain stroke?
A. It usually takes four to five months to recover from a stroke. If proper care is not taken, recovery can take one to two years. With BLK-Max Hospitals, you get specialised doctors and world-class technology that helps speedy recovery.
Q. What are the possible symptoms of a stroke?
A. Some symptoms include sudden numbness, severe headache, difficulty in talking and communicating, dizziness, loss of vision, etc.
Q. Which side of the brain is more vulnerable to stroke?
A. Left-hemispheric ischemic strokes are more frequent and common than right hemisphere strokes. Precautions like exercising regularly and avoiding alcohol and smoking can be adopted to prevent stroke.